Dutch Armed Forces
Knowledge Center for Explosion and Hydrogen Safety
Under consignment by the Dutch Ministry of Defence.


CONTENTS
• HYDROGEN SAFETY AND EXPLOSION DYNAMICS (22 December 2023)
• EXPERT MEETING ON THE ENSCHEDE FIREWORKS CALAMITY (13 October 2023)
• HYDROGEN STORAGE FOR MILITARY APPLICATIONS (17 August 2023)
• EXPLOSION AND HYDROGEN SAFETY (11, 18 & 22 January 2021)
• HYDROGEN SAFETY PRACTICAL TRAINING DAYS (13, 14, 15 & 16 July 2020)
• RISK AWARENESS HYDROGEN SAFETY (12 November 2019)
• BIOGRAPHY OF THE LECTURERS

Programme Director:  KLTZ AWT Niehof, LLM (AWT.Niehof@mindef.nl)
Scientific Director:  Dr AE Dahoe
Educational Board  
Chair of the Board:  Drs DAG Rijke Willems, MSc 
Course Director:  Drs Ing JMM Bruijnen, MSc (Nov 2019 - Jan 2024)
Instructors:  SMJR SW Elting, LTZ2 AJ Zwart, SMJR MF van Ravesteijn
   Ing DWG Arentsen, MSc, BSc, FIFireE (Explosievenopruimingsdienst)
Liasons:  AC Iken, GHW Wolters, THL Muller, M van den Berg, Ir Jan Hak, MSc
Members:  CJJ Reijerkerk, MSc, Ing P Bout, BSc
   Dr PF ter Steeg, Ir WBC de Heij, MSc, Dr Ing J Snoeys
   Ing DWG Arentsen, MSc, BSc, FIFireE (Explosievenopruimingsdienst)
   P.C. van Beek, Drs EAM van der Graaf, MSc (PhD Candidate)
   ABJ Vroling, MEd in Chemistry
Advisory Council:  LTZ1 MH Groenbos, LTZ3 R Enzendorfer
   ELNTMARNS ERWLQ van den Heuvel van Varik
   LTZ1 P Maaskant, LTZ1 JB Swerissen
   AOOI P de Man, BEng, AOOI R Jansen, MAJ M Smulders
   LTZ1 R Krols, MAJMARNS Dr JW Stolk
   KLTZ Ir M Flaman, KLTZ H Boomstra, KTZ DJM Meijer
    BRIGGENMARNS JR Mac Mootry, BdeGen Ir G Schonewille
    ADM R Kramer
    Ir T Woudstra, Drs Ing LRE Veenstra, Prof M.B. Djukic
   Prof F Verplaetsen, Prof PV Aravind, Prof BJM Ale, Prof M Donze
   Prof R Steinberger-Wilckens, Prof T Jordan, Prof AE Dahoe
 
KNOWLEDGE EVENT [Return to Table of Contents]


HYDROGEN SAFETY AND EXPLOSION DYNAMICS

DATE AND TIME
22 December 2023
Time: See programme

HOSTED BY:
Dienst Centraal Milieubeheer
Rijnmond (DCMR)

 

                        Organizers:  M van den Berg, GAJ Holtkamp
    Ing DWG Arentsen, MSc, BSc, FIFireE (Explosievenopruimingsdienst)
PROGRAMME
LECTURE SCHEDULE ON FRIDAY 22 DECEMBER 2023
VENUE: DCMR Building, Hall 111, Parallelweg 1, 3112 NA, Schiedam, The Netherlands
  Time   Activity   Lecturer
  11:00 - 12:15      Knowledge requirements pertaining to hydrogen safety        Marco van den Berg   
  12:15 - 13:00      Lunch  
  13:00 - 15:00      Hydrogen Safety and Explosion Dynamics        Arief Dahoe   
  Additional information provided by Dick Arentsen. In response to   
  questions raised during the lunch break.

  On similarities and differences between fireworks safety and hydrogen safety:       On hydrogen-material compatibility:    
  Dick Arentsen   
 
KNOWLEDGE EVENT [Return to Table of Contents]


EXPERT MEETING ON THE ENSCHEDE FIREWORKS CALAMITY

DATE AND TIME
13 October 2023
Time: See programme

LOCATION:
MGGZ Center of Expertise
Dutch Armed Forces


Organizer:
P.C. van Beek
Host:
Prof S.G. Geuze

 
PROGRAMME
SCHEDULE ON FRIDAY 13 OCTOBER 2023
VENUE: MGGZ Center of Expertise, Lundlaan 1, 3584 CX, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  Time   Activity   Speaker
  13:00 - 13:45      The FACTS Chemical Accident Database        Pieter van Beek   
  13:45 - 14:00      Break  
  14:00 - 14:30      Research Activities of the MGGZ Center of Expertise        Elbert Geuze   
  14:30 - 16:00      The Enschede Fireworks Calamity: Blast and Explosion Effects   
  Supplementary material for discussion:    
  Arief Dahoe   
  16:00 - 16:30      Future Work
  Date of the Next Meeting
  Diana Rijke Willems   
  Harry Wolters   
  Pieter van Beek   
 
KNOWLEDGE EVENT [Return to Table of Contents]


HYDROGEN STORAGE FOR MILITARY APPLICATIONS

DATE AND TIME
17 August 2023
Time: See programme

HOSTED BY:
The Royal Dutch Army

 Organizers:
 AC Iken
 Colonel Drs AALM Grubben, MSc

 

PROGRAMME
SCHEDULE ON THURSDAY 17 AUGUST 2023
VENUE: Kromhout Kazerne, Herculeslaan 1, 3584 AB, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  Time   Activity   Speaker
  10:00 - 10:30      Military requirements pertaining to hydrogen storage      Anton Iken   
  Albert Grubben   
  10:30 - 11:30      Sodium Tetrahydridoborate as a Hydrogen Carrier        Koos-Jan van Brouwershaven   
  Ruud Koornstra   
  11:30 - 12:30      Hydrogen Storage: A Concise Overview        Arief Dahoe   
 
COURSE TITLE [Return to Table of Contents]


EXPLOSION AND HYDROGEN SAFETY

DATE AND TIME
11, 18 & 22 January 2021
Time: See programme

HOSTED BY:
The Royal Netherlands Navy
Delft University of Technology
 
 Programme Director:  KLTZ AWT Niehof, LLM
 Course Director:  Drs Ing JMM Bruijnen, MSc
 Lecturers:  Drs Ing JMM Bruijnen, Prof AE Dahoe
 Organizer:  Rick van Wilsem, BSc
 
REGISTRATION
  • Click here to access the Registration Form
  • Note: Please study the programme below to fill out the registration form.
  • Note: Attendance is entirely free of charge.
  • Your login details to gain access to the Virtual Learning Environment shall be sent to you by email.
 
PROGRAMME
Course Materials
Lecture Schedule
Monday 11 January 2021
Time Activity Lecturer
19:30 - 20:30 Explosions: Phenomenology, Dynamics
and Mitigation (Part I)  
Arief Dahoe  
Monday 18 January 2021
Time Activity Lecturer
19:30 - 20:30 Explosions: Phenomenology, Dynamics
and Mitigation (Part II)  
Arief Dahoe  
Friday 22 January 2021
Time Activity Lecturer
19:30 - 21:30 Safety Aspects of Hydrogen
as an Energy Carrier  
John Bruijnen  
 
COURSE TITLE [Return to Table of Contents]


HYDROGEN SAFETY PRACTICAL TRAINING DAYS

DATE AND TIME
13, 14, 15 & 16 July 2020
22, 27, 28 & 29 May 2020
Time: See programme




Picture:
The Royal Netherlands Navy
in action during the
Anglo-Dutch Wars
 
 HOSTED BY:  The Royal Netherlands Navy
 VENUE:  Naval Base Den Helder, Rijkszee- en Marinehaven 1
   1781 ZZ, Den Helder, The Netherlands
  
 Programme Director:  KLTZ AWT Niehof, LLM
 Course Director:  Drs Ing JMM Bruijnen, MSc
 Instructors:  SMJR SW Elting, LTZ2 AJ Zwart, SMJR MF van Ravesteijn
     Drs Ing JMM Bruijnen, KTZ H Boomstra, Prof AE Dahoe

REGISTRATION
 
PROGRAMME
Course Materials
  • Lecture Notes Theoretical Part (click here to download)
  • Practical Part (click here to view)
  • Coursework Assignment
    A coursework assignment shall be issued after each training course. All trainees are encouraged to engage with this coursework assignment. Trainees who would like to receive a certificate confirming their learning are expected to submit their assignment to dutchnavyh2@gmail.com (with a copy to AWT.Niehof@mindef.nl). The instructors shall be available through email and teleconferencing to provide assistance with the assignment. The Certificate of Attendance shall be issued on behalf of the Commander of the Royal Netherlands Navy.
Trainee Programme on 13, 14, 15 & 16 July 2020
Time Activity Location Details
Morning Session
08:00 - 10:30 Theoretical Part   SCBRNDCBV-School   Report at Reception  
10:30 - 11:15 Practical Part SCBRNDCBV-School Practice Location  
11:00 - 11:30 Wrap-up SCBRNDCBV-School  
Afternoon Session
12:30 - 15:00 Theoretical Part   SCBRNDCBV-School   Report at Reception  
15:00 - 15:45 Practical Part SCBRNDCBV-School Practice Location  
15:45 - 16:00 Wrap-up SCBRNDCBV-School  
Trainee Programme on 22, 27, 28 & 29 May 2020
Time Activity Location Details
09:00 - 12:00 Theoretical Part   SCBRNDCBV-School   Report at Reception  
12:00 - 13:00 Lunch SCBRNDCBV-School  
13:00 - 15:00 Practical Part SCBRNDCBV-School Practice Location  
15:00 - 15:30 Wrap-up SCBRNDCBV-School  
 
BACKGROUND
The Hydrogen Safety Practical Training Days are an initiative by the Innovation Department of the Royal Netherlands Navy under the auspices of the Admiral of the Royal Fleet. In 2018 the Dutch Armed Forces commissioned the Control and Simulation Research Group at Delft University of Technology with the task to enhance its Vertical Takeoff Launch (VTOL) DelftAcopter for enabling long distance/duration maritime operations under realistic naval and battle conditions. Initial test flights commenced in January 2019 whereby the DelftAcopter was deployed from a seaborne naval vessel. These experiments revealed the necessity for propulsion by hydrogen as an energy carrier in conjunction with fuel cell technology to meet the requirements set by the Dutch Armed Forces. Thereupon, Delft University of Technology developed the robust NederDrone 1 and NederDrone 2 as successors to the initial VTOL-DelftAcopter. The NederDrone 3, based on hydrogen propulsion, is currently being assembled and will be tested in the months to follow. Given the novelty of hydrogen and fuel cell technology within the Dutch Armed Forces, the Royal Netherlands Navy embarked on the establishment of a comprehensive research and educational programme in accordance with the HySafe Activity Matrix and the Risk Analysis Fishbone Diagram (see Figures 1 and 2 below). The safety aspects connected to working with hydrogen are addressed by a dedicated Knowledge Center for Explosion and Hydrogen Safety. Entirely commensurate with this endeavor, the Royal Netherlands Navy and Delft University of Technology delivered a course on 12 November 2019 titled Risk Awareness Hydrogen Safety. An overview of this course, including hyperlinks to the teaching materials, is displayed in the section below. It is noteworthy that, in addition to a substantial number of military personnel, this event was attended by employees from a variety of external entities: Netherlands Aerospace Centre (NLR), Veiligheidsregio's, Universities (Delft University of Technology, Wageningen University of Technology, Erasmus University Rotterdam), Damen Shipyards Den Helder, Shell, Central Dutch Government (Rijksoverheid, Rijkswaterstaat, Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management), Liander Gas, Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO), National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Fike Corporation, Compagnie Maritime Belge (CMB), Staatstoezicht op de Mijnen (SodM), etc. On 13, 14, 15 & 16 July there will be practical training days. There shall be lectures, instructional sessions and hydrogen safety demonstrations at the Albatros Building of the Admiralty and the School voor Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Damage Control. You are cordially invited to attend this event.

Figure 1: The HySafe Activity Matrix

Figure 2: The Risk Analysis Fishbone Diagram
 
COURSE TITLE [Return to Table of Contents]


RISK AWARENESS HYDROGEN SAFETY

DATE, TIME AND VENUE
Tuesday 12 November 2019
Time: 08:30 - 15:30
Pulse Hall 3, Building Number 33
Delft University of Technology
Landbergstraat 19, 2628 CE Delft
The Netherlands

HOSTED BY
The Royal Netherlands Navy
Delft University of Technology
Programme Director:
KLTZ AWT Niehof, LLM
Email: AWT.Niehof@mindef.nl
Course Director:
Drs Ing JMM Bruijnen, MSc
Chairman Organizing Committee:
Ir T Woudstra, MSc
 
PROGRAMME
Note: All participants shall receive a Certificate of Attendance on behalf of
the Commander of the Royal Netherlands Navy.
  08:30-09:00  Welcome and registration  
  09:00-09:05   Opening   Arend-Willem Niehof
  09:05-09:30   The Hydrogen Drone Project
  Link to movie
  Arend-Willem Niehof
  09:00-10:30   Safety Aspects of Hydrogen as an
  Energy Carrier
 Link to presentation
  John Bruijnen
  10:30-11:00   Refreshment break  
  11:00-11:30   Fly-off and Land-on:
  Safety and Risks
  Bart Remes
  11:30-12:30   Deflagrations and Detonations:
  Phenomenology and Dynamics
 Link to presentation
  Arief Dahoe
  12:30-13:30  Lunch
  13:30-14:30   Fuel Cell Technology:
  Safety and Risks
  Aravind
  14:30-15:00   First Responder Scenarios   John Bruijnen
  15:00-15:30   Closing remarks and farewell  
 
 
[Return to Table of Contents]


BIOGRAPHY OF THE LECTURERS


KLTZ AWT Niehof, LLM - Arend-Willem Niehof is a Lieutenant-Colonel within the Royal Netherlands Navy. He is in charge of the NederDrone Programme.
Drs Ing JMM Bruijnen, MSc - John Bruijnen is a Hydrogen Safety and Explosion Safety Assurance Engineer within the Dutch Armed Forces. He has more than 30 years experience as an Operations HSE Engineer in the international energy industry with a track record on delivering HSE projects. John's expertise stems from extensive experience acquired within an International Oil and Gas Multinational where he established new methods pertaining to critical issues in safety-cases and Bow-Tie analysis to verify and improve safety standards. In the past three years he studied Hydrogen Safety and Explosion Safety in close cooperation with Dr Arief Dahoe. Thereby obtaining his degree in Safety Engineering within subject area of Hydrogen Safety as applied within the Royal Netherlands Navy. John is the owner of International Natural Energy Resource Consultancy (INERC BV) based in Amsterdam. In his current role John supports HSE implementation plans towards innovation projects within the Dutch Ministry of Defense. His current expertise has recently been broadened towards explosion safety and hydrogen safety. INERC BV is a member of the European Network of Excellence HySafe and a trusted partner for the International Center for Hydrogen Safety.
Ir BDW Remes, MSc - Bart Remes is in charge of the Micro Air Vehicles Laboratory (MAVlab) at Delft Univeristy of Technology and engaged with the NederDrone Project in close cooperation with the Dutch Armed Forces. After obtaining an MSc in Aerospace Engineering (specialism Sustainable Engineering and Technology) he established the MAVlab in 2003. He was involved in the first Dutch BVLOS flight, design and construction of various Micro Air Vehicles, such as the DelftAcopter, the DelFly II and the DelFly Micro. All these Micro Air Vehicles have won multiple awards. In 2009 and 2018, these devices were included into the Guiness Book of Records as the Smallest Camera Airplane, DelFly Micro. In 2018 the DelFly Nimble featured on the cover of the September 14 issue of the Science Magazine. Besides Flapping Wing Micro Air Vehicles, he has initiated and worked on Hybrid Air Vehicles and the design of the smallest open source autopilot in the world, the Lisa S, a 2x2 cm device, based on the Paparazzi open source software. Other projects where Bart Remes played a significant role include Dutch UAS and RoboSwift.
Prof PV Aravind - Purushothaman Vellayani Aravind is the Professor of Energy Conversion at the University of Groningen and concurrently in charge of a research group at Delft University of Technology. He did his MSc thesis research at Delft University of Technology on Generation of Electricity and Heat using Biomass Gasification, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and Micro Turbines and received his MSc degree from the University of Oldenburg (Germany). In 2007 he completed his PhD at Delft University of Technology with a thesis titled High efficiency energy systems based on biomass gasifiers, SOFCs with Ni/GDC anodes and gas turbines and thereupon continued to teach at Delft University of Technology. Prof Aravind is involved in supervision of research activities related to the development of  fuel cell systems, electrochemistry of fuel oxidation at SOFC anodes,  biomass gasifier / fuel cell systems, high temperature gas cleaning, and thermodynamic modelling of power plants. He teaches courses on fuel cell systems and thermodynamics of energy conversion. He supervises a group of 10 PhD students and  several researchers/research students on topics related to fuel cells . He is a member of the International Energy Agency and acts as a member of the European Energy Research Alliance Joint Program on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen.
Dr AE Dahoe - Arief Dahoe is an Explosion, Hydrogen Safety and Combustion Scientist. He conducts scientific investigations into problems pertaining to explosion dynamics and hydrogen safety for a clientele comprising military establishments, research institutions and industrial corporations. Dr Dahoe obtained an MSc in Chemical Engineering (specialism Particle Technology and Fluid Dynamics), and, a PhD in Explosion Dynamics (Gas and Dust Explosions) from Delft University of Technology. Thereafter he continued to apply and extend his expertise at Delft University of Technology, Cambridge University, Eindhoven University of Technology, Ulster University, the European Network of Excellence HySafe, Wageningen University, and, within the Dutch Armed Forces. His research interests are in: fire and explosion hazards of hydrogen, gas and dust explosions, simulation of explosion dynamics, application of mitigation technologies, decay of turbulence in transient flows, specific forms of turbulent combustion modelling pertaining to gas and dust explosions, turbulence modification in the gas phase by a dispersed phase consisting of small particles, thermobaric weapons, nuclear weapons, flame retardants, application of pulsed electric fields to microbial food safety, and, the Applied Mathematics of Explosions (tensor analysis, least-squares gradient reconstruction in conjunction with stiff time integration). Dr Dahoe is the creator of World's First Higher Educational Programme in Hydrogen Safety (i.e. the MSc in Hydrogen Safety Engineering) and he coordinates the development of the International Curriculum on Hydrogen Safety Engineering for the European Commission.